### 1. PI routines

- Posted by James Powell <Wizard at DJO.COM> Mar 24, 1997
- 524 views

--=====================_859198120==_ I've just begun to explore Euphoria, and thought it would be fun to transfer a QBasic PI calculation engine to Euphoria. Needless to say, the Euphoria engine is faster than the QBasic version. See Table 1 for results of my comparisons. However, there is a *minor* bug in the Euphoria version that I cannot quite figure out. It seems that it does not want to properly calculate the last two (2 :) ) digits of PI. ie, when calculating to 50 digits, PI.EX responds with: but PI.BAS returns: I have included both PI.EX and PI.BAS for those who would like to see the source, and for those who have had more experience with Euphoria than I have (about 1 week). Hopefully, someone will be able to find what I'm doing wrong. Also, there is a *severe* lack of documentation on the PI routine itself. This is due in part to the lazyness of the original author, and in part to the fact that I only understand WHAT the program does, not the underlying math theory. Again, maybe someone can enlighten me. :) TABLE 1 Approximate Execution Time (seconds) |--------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------- |Language & Ver | 100 digits | 200 digits | 300 digits | 400 digits | |--------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------- | Euphoria 1.5 | 1.65 | 6.71 | 15.05 | 26.81 | | QBasic 1.1 | 5.72 | 22.63 | 50.92 | 90.52 | | QuickBasic 4.5 | 3.13 | 12.47 | 28.18 | 49.93 | |--------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------- | QuickBasic 4.5 | | | | | | (compiled exe) | 0.72 | 2.64 | 5.98 | 10.66 | ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------- NOTE: I did not think it fair to actually include the compiled PI.BAS along with the interpreted versions, thus the seperate section. (notice that QB4.5 interpreted the file nearly 2x as fast as QBasic 1.1 did?) As you can see, however, QB4.5's ability to compile to semi-pure .exe is a definate speed advantage. (Binding the program with EX, to the best of my knowledge, just results in an internal version of the program getting attached to the EX binary, which doesnt actually produce a truely compiled program. Therefore, no catagory was made for an exe form of PI.EX, since the times stated for the interpreted version would be the same). That brings me to an obvious question which I won't ask, since I am sure it has been asked by every Euphoria programmer. (And I know the answer goes something like <insert nasty RTFM response here>. ;) ). --=====================_859198120==_ x-mac-type="705A4950"; x-mac-creator="705A4950"

### 2. PI routines

- Posted by Robert Craig <robert_craig at COMPUSERVE.COM> Mar 24, 1997
- 529 views

James Powell writes: > However, there is a *minor* bug in the Euphoria version that I > cannot quite figure out. It seems that it does not want to properly > calculate the last two (2 :) ) digits of PI. ie, when calculating to 50 > digits, PI.EX responds with: > 3.141592653589793238462643383279502884197169399374 > but PI.BAS returns: > 3.1415926535897932384626433832795028841971693993751 In the Basic version you say "OPTION BASE 0" (which is the default anyway I believe). This means that when the user asks for 50 digits, you calculate using an array dimensioned from 0 to 50, i.e. *51* digits. At the end you only print from 0 to 49, so only 50 digits are displayed. The 51st digit which may not be very accurate, is not displayed. In the Euphoria version you calculate PI with a sequence that is indexed from *1* to 50, i.e. only 50 digits. You then print elements 1 to 49, i.e. only 49 digits. You'll notice above that the Euphoria output has one less digit displayed. If you add 1 to the number of digits requested by the Euphoria user, the Euphoria and QBasic programs will have identical results. Thanks for the interesting benchmark. Rob Craig Rapid Deployment Software

### 3. Re: PI routines

- Posted by James Powell <Wizard at DJO.COM> Mar 24, 1997
- 542 views

>James Powell writes: >> However, there is a *minor* bug in the Euphoria version that I >> cannot quite figure out. It seems that it does not want to properly >> calculate the last two (2 :) ) digits of PI. ie, when calculating to 50 >> digits, PI.EX responds with: >> 3.141592653589793238462643383279502884197169399374 >> but PI.BAS returns: >> 3.1415926535897932384626433832795028841971693993751 <snip> Robert Craig responded: > >In the Basic version you say "OPTION BASE 0" >(which is the default anyway I believe). This means >that when the user asks for 50 digits, you calculate >using an array dimensioned from 0 to 50, i.e. *51* >digits. <snip> >If you add 1 to the number of digits requested by >the Euphoria user, the Euphoria and QBasic programs >will have identical results. > >Thanks for the interesting benchmark. > > Rob Craig > Rapid Deployment Software > Thanks, I tried that and it now works properly. Also, for those interested, the times I quoted in my benchmark were done on a 486DX2/66 with 24 megs of ram running Caldera OpenDOS 7.01. The task manager was not loaded, so as to not color the times in any way. James.

### 4. PI routines

- Posted by Michael Bolin <michaeltom at GEOCITIES.COM> Mar 29, 1997
- 520 views

--Message-Boundary-16328 Content-type: text/plain; charset=US-ASCII Content-description: Information about this message. This message contains a file prepared for transmission using the MIME BASE64 transfer encoding scheme. If you are using Pegasus Mail or another MIME-compliant system, you should be able to extract it from within your mailer. If you cannot, please ask your system administrator for help. ---- File information ----------- File: pi.ex Date: 29 Mar 1997, 12:39 Size: 5278 bytes. Type: Binary --Message-Boundary-16328 Content-type: Application/Octet-stream; name=pi.ex; type=Binary

### 5. PI routines

- Posted by Michael Bolin <michaeltom at GEOCITIES.COM> Mar 29, 1997
- 518 views

Hello James, Here's something you might be interested in. After about 20 minute's work :), I came up with this improved version of your PI calculator. It runs about 2.5 times as fast, bringing it up to the speed of your compiled Quick-Basic program. Regards, Michael Bolin