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The Translator assumes that your program has no run-time errors in it that would be caught by the Interpreter. The Translator does not check for: subscript out of bounds, variable not initialized, assigning the wrong type of data to a variable, etc.

You should debug your program with the Interpreter. The Translator checks for certain run-time errors, but in the interest of speed, most are not checked. When translated C code crashes you'll typically get a very cryptic machine exception. In most cases, the first thing you should do is run your program with the Interpreter, using the same inputs, and preferably with type_check turned on. If the error only shows up in translated code, you can use with trace and trace(3) to get a ctrace.out file showing a circular buffer of the last 500 Euphoria statements executed. If a translator-detected error message is displayed (and stored in ex.err), you will also see the offending line of Euphoria source whenever with trace is in effect. with trace will slow your program down, and the slowdown can be extreme when trace(3) is also in effect.

Legal Restrictions

As far as RDS is concerned, any executable programs or shared dynamically loading libraries that you create with this Translator without modifying an RDS translator library file, may be distributed royalty-free. You are free to incorporate any Euphoria files provided by RDS into your application.

In general, if you wish to use Euphoria code written by 3rd parties, please honor any restrictions that apply. If in doubt, you should ask for permission.

On Linux, FreeBSD, the GNU Library licence will normally not affect programs created with this Translator. Simply compiling with GNU C does not give the Free Software Foundation any jurisdiction over your program. If you statically link their libraries you will be subject to their Library licence, but the standard compile/link procedure does not statically link any FSF libraries, so there should be no problem.


This is what we believe to be the case. We are not lawyers. If it's important to you, you should read all licences and the legal comments in them, to form your own judgment. You may need to get professional legal opinion as well.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much of a speed-up should I expect?

It all depends on what your program spends its time doing. Programs that use mainly integer calculations, don't call run-time routines very often, and don't do much I/O will see the greatest improvement, currently up to about 5x faster. Other programs may see only a few percent improvement.

The various C compilers are not equal in optimization ability.

What if I want to change the compile or link options in my generated makefile?

Feel free to do so, that's one reason for producing a makefile.

How can I make my program run even faster?

It's important to declare variables as integer where possible. In general, it helps if you choose the most restrictive type possible when declaring a variable.

Typical user-defined types will not slow you down. Since your program is supposed to be free of type_check errors, types are ignored by the Translator, unless you call them directly with normal function calls. The one exception is when a user-defined type routine has side-effects (i.e. it sets a global

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